The Lester B. Pearson Airport Terminals
Toronto Pearson International Airport currently has two operating terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 3.
Terminal 1 of Pearson International Airport
The new Terminal 1 opened its piers D and E April 6, 2004. The old Terminal 1, which closed simultaneously with the opening, was demolished to make room for additional gates at Pier E. Pier F at Terminal 1, which has an enlarged end called “Hammerhead F”, opened January 30, 2007, to replace Terminal 2. This pier accommodates for international traffic and adds 7 million passengers per year to the airport’s total capacity. Redevelopment of the Pearson International airport was a logistical challenge as the existing terminals remained operational throughout construction and demolition.
Terminal 1 of Pearson International Airport is designed to handle domestic, international and transborder flights in one facility. Measuring over 464,000m2 (5,000,000sq.ft), Terminal 1 is the 11th largest airport terminal in the world in terms of floor area. The Terminal features three piers: Piers D and E with 38 gates and Pier F with 23 gates. The terminal was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects, and Moshe Safdie and Associates.
All Star Alliance airlines serving Toronto operate out of Terminal 1.
Along with the standard customs facilities, the terminal also contains a few customs “B” checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-US) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks and are then directed to Pier F. This alleviates the need to re-check bags and go through security and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.
Infield Terminal (IFT) was built to handle traffic displaced during the Terminal 1 development and has 11 gates. It is planned to be reactivated once passenger demand rises to a point in which Terminal 1 needs to be expanded again. It has also been used as a location for film and television shoots.
The East Holdroom, also referred to as the “east beach,” was added in 1990 and originally served as a satellite terminal for the former Terminal 2, handling mostly short-haul flights to the United States. In June 2010, the east holdroom was decommissioned and new aircraft stands in Terminal 1 were activated, consolidating all Terminal 1 operations within a single building.
Terminal 3 of Pearson International Airport
Terminal 3 of Pearson International Airport, initially advertised as “Trillium Terminal 3″, was opened February 21, 1991. It was built as a private venture to offset traffic from the old Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. A parking garage and hotel is located across from the terminal and is connected to it by an elevated pedestrian walkway. In 1997 the GTAA purchased Terminal 3, shortly thereafter implementing a C$350 million expansion.
The GTAA Terminal 3 Redevelopment Team was formed to oversee the terminal expansion. In 2004, the Pier C Expansion opened. In June 2006, the East Processor Extension (EPE) started operations. With a soaring, undulating roofline, the EPE added 40 new check-in counters, new retail space, more secure ‘hold-screening’ for baggage and a huge picture window offering one of the most convenient apron viewing locations at the Pearson International airport. Improved Canadian Border services and a more open arrivals hall were included in Phase I of the expansion. Phase II of the EPE has been completed in 2007 and includes larger security screening areas and additional international baggage claim areas. The West Processor Expansion Shell was completed by early 2008.